Scrapy is a program that collects information from different sites, processes it, and organizes it into spreadsheets. Next, this data is used for marketing, research, journalistic and other purposes.
Web data scraping is not prohibited by law, but the owners of many sites do not support such actions on their resources. Security systems will track from which IP address the scraping took place and block this user. This is why Scrapy needs to set up proxy servers.
Proxies will give you the opportunity to:
The most reliable proxies for Scrapy are HTTP(S) and SOCKS5. They are suitable for scraping a large amount of information and protecting your data in the process.
We will tell you about two ways to configure a proxy in the program.
This method is considered safer and more reliable. You need to create your middleware.
Enable this middleware in settings and put it before the "HttpProxyMiddleware" parameter.
In this case, you need to put the proxy server as a parameter.
You can check if you have configured the proxy correctly using a special test site. For this:
If as a result, you see the address of your proxy server, then the setup was successful.